Find in the following tables some definitions of the most complex words in this 7th grade Spelling Words list
Cast down; low-lying. – Sunk to a law condition; down in spirit or hope; degraded; servile; groveling; despicable; as, abject posture, fortune, thoughts. – To cast off or down; hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase. – A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a castaway.
The common title of civility in France in speaking to, or of, a man; Mr. or Sir. – The oldest brother of the king of France. – A Frenchman.
To warn or notify of a fault; to reprove gently or kindly, but seriously; to exhort. – To counsel against wrong practices; to cation or advise; to warn against danger or an offense; — followed by of, against, or a subordinate clause. – To instruct or direct; to inform; to notify.
A little bite or bit of food. – A small quantity; a little piece; a fragment.
Otherwise; otherwise called; — a term used in legal proceedings to connect the different names of any one who has gone by two or more, and whose true name is for any cause doubtful; as, Smith, alias Simpson. – At another time. – A second or further writ which is issued after a first writ has expired without effect. – Another name; an assumed name.
Apt to neglect; customarily neglectful; characterized by negligence; careless; heedless; culpably careless; showing lack of attention; as, disposed in negligent order.
A coral island or islands, consisting of a belt of coral reef, partly submerged, surrounding a central lagoon or depression; a lagoon island.
Easy to be done or performed: not difficult; performable or attainable with little labor. – Easy to be surmounted or removed; easily conquerable; readily mastered. – Easy of access or converse; mild; courteous; not haughty, austere, or distant; affable; complaisant. – Easily persuaded to good or bad; yielding; ductile to a fault; pliant; flexible. – Ready; quick; expert; as, he is facile in expedients; he wields a facile pen.
Impervious to the rays of light; not transparent; as, an opaque substance. – Obscure; not clear; unintelligible. – That which is opaque; opacity.
Not active, but acted upon; suffering or receiving impressions or influences; as, they were passive spectators, not actors in the scene. – Receiving or enduring without either active sympathy or active resistance; without emotion or excitement; patient; not opposing; unresisting; as, passive obedience; passive submission. – Inactive; inert; not showing strong affinity; as, red phosphorus is comparatively passive. – Designating certain morbid conditions, as hemorrhage or dropsy, characterized by relaxation of the vessels and tissues, with deficient vitality and lack of reaction in the affected tissues.
A Mexican shrub (Euphorbia pulcherrima) with very large and conspicuous vermilion bracts below the yellowish flowers.
A place or ground set apart for the burial of the dead; a graveyard; a churchyard; a necropolis.
Free from guile; artless.
Foresight; foreknowledge; prescience.
A retired room, esp. an upper room used for sleeping; a bedroom; as, the house had four chambers. – Apartments in a lodging house. – A hall, as where a king gives audience, or a deliberative body or assembly meets; as, presence chamber; senate chamber. – A legislative or judicial body; an assembly; a society or association; as, the Chamber of Deputies; the Chamber of Commerce. – A compartment or cell; an inclosed space or cavity; as, the chamber of a canal lock; the chamber of a furnace; the chamber of the eye. – A room or rooms where a lawyer transacts business; a room or rooms where a judge transacts such official business as may be done out of court. – A chamber pot. – That part of the bore of a piece of ordnance which holds the charge, esp. when of different diameter from the rest of the bore; — formerly, in guns, made smaller than the bore, but now larger, esp. in breech-loading guns. – A cavity in a mine, usually of a cubical form, to contain the powder. – A short piece of ordnance or cannon, which stood on its breech, without any carriage, formerly used chiefly for rejoicings and theatrical cannonades. – To reside in or occupy a chamber or chambers. – To be lascivious. – To shut up, as in a chamber. – To furnish with a chamber; as, to chamber a gun.
Good luck; good fortune; prosperity. – An agreeable feeling or condition of the soul arising from good fortune or propitious happening of any kind; the possession of those circumstances or that state of being which is attended enjoyment; the state of being happy; contentment; joyful satisfaction; felicity; blessedness. – Fortuitous elegance; unstudied grace; — used especially of language.
Overthrown; beaten; conquered. – Broken down in respect of rectitude, principle, virtue, or decency; openly and shamelessly immoral or vicious; dissolute; as, profligate man or wretch. – An abandoned person; one openly and shamelessly vicious; a dissolute person. – To drive away; to overcome.
The string of a musical instrument. – A combination of tones simultaneously performed, producing more or less perfect harmony, as, the common chord. – A right line uniting the extremities of the arc of a circle or curve. – A cord. See Cord, n., 4. – The upper or lower part of a truss, usually horizontal, resisting compression or tension. – To provide with musical chords or strings; to string; to tune. – To accord; to harmonize together; as, this note chords with that.
Wide and general destruction; devastation; waste. – To devastate; to destroy; to lay waste. – A cry in war as the signal for indiscriminate slaughter.
List of questions; survey.
A rascal; a good-for-nothing fellow.
Serving or intended to coerce; having power to constrain.
Eating plants; of or pertaining to the Herbivora.
Recurring in vicissitude; alternate. – Done by each to the other; interchanging or interchanged; given and received; due from each to each; mutual; as, reciprocal love; reciprocal duties. – Mutually interchangeable. – Reflexive; — applied to pronouns and verbs, but sometimes limited to such pronouns as express mutual action. – Used to denote different kinds of mutual relation; often with reference to the substitution of reciprocals for given quantities. See the Phrases below. – That which is reciprocal to another thing. – The quotient arising from dividing unity by any quantity; thus, / is the reciprocal of 4; 1/(a +b) is the reciprocal of a + b. The reciprocal of a fraction is the fraction inverted, or the denominator divided by the numerator.
To purchase back; to regain possession of by payment of a stipulated price; to repurchase. – To recall, as an estate, or to regain, as mortgaged property, by paying what may be due by force of the mortgage. – To regain by performing the obligation or condition stated; to discharge the obligation mentioned in, as a promissory note, bond, or other evidence of debt; as, to redeem bank notes with coin. – To ransom, liberate, or rescue from captivity or bondage, or from any obligation or liability to suffer or to be forfeited, by paying a price or ransom; to ransom; to rescue; to recover; as, to redeem a captive, a pledge, and the like. – Hence, to rescue and deliver from the bondage of sin and the penalties of God’s violated law. – To make good by performing fully; to fulfill; as, to redeem one’s promises. – To pay the penalty of; to make amends for; to serve as an equivalent or offset for; to atone for; to compensate; as, to redeem an error.
A putting off of that which was appointed; a postponement or delay. – Temporary intermission of labor, or of any process or operation; interval of rest; pause; delay. – Temporary suspension of the execution of a capital offender; reprieve. – The delay of appearance at court granted to a jury beyond the proper term. – To give or grant a respite to. – To delay or postpone; to put off. – To keep back from execution; to reprieve. – To relieve by a pause or interval of rest.
One who idles; one who spends his time in inaction; a lazy person; a sluggard. – One who has constant day duties on board ship, and keeps no regular watch. – An idle wheel or pulley. See under Idle.
A sieve with coarse meshes, usually of wire, for separating coarser materials from finer, as chaff from grain, cinders from ashes, or gravel from sand. – A board having a row of pins, set zigzag, between which wire is drawn to straighten it. – To separate, as grain from the chaff, with a riddle; to pass through a riddle; as, riddle wheat; to riddle coal or gravel. – To perforate so as to make like a riddle; to make many holes in; as, a house riddled with shot. – Something proposed to be solved by guessing or conjecture; a puzzling question; an ambiguous proposition; an enigma; hence, anything ambiguous or puzzling. – To explain; to solve; to unriddle. – To speak ambiguously or enigmatically.
To mingle together; to mix in one mass, or intimately; to blend.
Public disgrace or dishonor; reproach; infamy. – An act deserving disgrace; an infamous act.
Not having money; habitually without money; poor.
The act of contemning or despising; the feeling with which one regards that which is esteemed mean, vile, or worthless; disdain; scorn. – The state of being despised; disgrace; shame. – An act or expression denoting contempt. – Disobedience of the rules, orders, or process of a court of justice, or of rules or orders of a legislative body; disorderly, contemptuous, or insolent language or behavior in presence of a court, tending to disturb its proceedings, or impair the respect due to its authority.
Not to be subdued; untamable; invincible; as, an indomitable will, courage, animal.
To stoop by bending the knees; to crouch; to squat; hence, to quail; to sink through fear. – To cherish with care.
To make damp or moist; to make slightly wet. – To depress; to check; to make dull; to lessen. – To become damp; to deaden.
A sort of light spear, to be thrown or cast by thew hand; anciently, a weapon of war used by horsemen and foot soldiers; now used chiefly in hunting the wild boar and other fierce game. – To pierce with a javelin.
Pertaining to, consisting of, or resembling, a sinew or sinews. – Well braced with, or as if with, sinews; nervous; vigorous; strong; firm; tough; as, the sinewy Ajax.
To translate from secret characters or ciphers into intelligible terms; as, to decipher a letter written in secret characters. – To find out, so as to be able to make known the meaning of; to make out or read, as words badly written or partly obliterated; to detect; to reveal; to unfold. – To stamp; to detect; to discover.
To run against and shake; to push out of the way; to elbow; to hustle; to disturb by crowding; to crowd against. – To push; to crowd; to hustle. – A conflict by collisions; a crowding or bumping together; interference.
Shade; shadow; obscurity; hence, that which affords a shade, as a screen of trees or foliage. – Shadowy resemblance; shadow. – The feeling of being overshadowed; jealousy of another, as standing in one’s light or way; hence, suspicion of injury or wrong; offense; resentment.
To take away; to withdraw. – To take credit or reputation from; to defame. – To take away a part or something, especially from one’s credit; to lessen reputation; to derogate; to defame; — often with from.
To bring forth young. – To set on fire; to cause to burn with flame; to ignite; to cause to begin burning; to start; to light; as, to kindle a match, or shavings. – Fig.: To inflame, as the passions; to rouse; to provoke; to excite to action; to heat; to fire; to animate; to incite; as, to kindle anger or wrath; to kindle the flame of love, or love into a flame. – To take fire; to begin to burn with flame; to start as a flame. – Fig.: To begin to be excited; to grow warm or animated; to be roused or exasperated.
To unclose; to open; — applied esp. to eggs in the sense of to hatch. – To remove a cover or envelope from;; to set free from inclosure; to uncover. – To lay open or expose to view; to cause to appear; to bring to light; to reveal. – To make known, as that which has been kept secret or hidden; to reveal; to expose; as, events have disclosed his designs. – Disclosure.
The work of a knitter; the network formed by knitting. – Union formed by knitting, as of bones. – To form, as a textile fabric, by the interlacing of yarn or thread in a series of connected loops, by means of needles, either by hand or by machinery; as, to knit stockings. – To join; to cause to grow together. – To unite closely; to connect; to engage; as, hearts knit together in love. – To draw together; to contract into wrinkles. – To form a fabric by interlacing yarn or thread; to weave by making knots or loops. – To be united closely; to grow together; as, broken bones will in time knit and become sound. – Union knitting; texture.
To give notice to by waving something; to wave the hand to; to beckon. – To cause to move or go in a wavy manner, or by the impulse of waves, as of water or air; to bear along on a buoyant medium; as, a balloon was wafted over the channel. – To cause to float; to keep from sinking; to buoy. – To be moved, or to pass, on a buoyant medium; to float. – A wave or current of wind. – A signal made by waving something, as a flag, in the air. – An unpleasant flavor. – A knot, or stop, in the middle of a flag.
Not proportioned; unsymmetrical; unsuitable to something else in bulk, form, value, or extent; out of proportion; inadequate; as, in a perfect body none of the limbs are disproportionate; it is wisdom not to undertake a work disproportionate means.
Shining; bright; resplendent; as, the lucid orbs of heaven. – Clear; transparent. – Presenting a clear view; easily understood; clear. – Bright with the radiance of intellect; not darkened or confused by delirium or madness; marked by the regular operations of reason; as, a lucid interval.
Full of wiles, tricks, or stratagems; using craft or stratagem to accomplish a purpose; mischievously artful; subtle.
To bring to pass; to effect; to achieve; to accomplish; to fulfill.
A small cake, composed chiefly of the white of eggs, almonds, and sugar. – A finical fellow, or macaroni.
To fade; to lose freshness; to become sapless; to become sapless; to dry or shrivel up. – To lose or want animal moisture; to waste; to pin/ away, as animal bodies. – To lose vigor or power; to languish; to pass away. – To cause to fade, and become dry. – To cause to shrink, wrinkle, or decay, for want of animal moisture. – To cause to languish, perish, or pass away; to blight; as, a reputation withered by calumny.
To form and occupy a camp; to prepare and settle in temporary habitations, as tents or huts; to halt on a march, pitch tents, or form huts, and remain for the night or for a longer time, as an army or a company traveling. – To form into a camp; to place in a temporary habitation, or quarters.
In a merry manner; with mirth; with gayety and laughter; jovially. See Mirth, and Merry.
Well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool which has been combed to lay the fibers parallel, used for carpets, cloth, hosiery, gloves, and the like. – Fine and soft woolen yarn, untwisted or lightly twisted, used in knitting and embroidery. – To gain advantage over, in contest or competition; to get the better of; to defeat; to overthrow; to discomfit. – To grow worse; to deteriorate.
A wonder or wonderful thing. – Specifically: An event or effect contrary to the established constitution and course of things, or a deviation from the known laws of nature; a supernatural event, or one transcending the ordinary laws by which the universe is governed. – A miracle play. – A story or legend abounding in miracles. – To make wonderful.
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